Redmond

Redmond is a city in King County, WashingtonUnited States, located 16 miles (26 km) east of Seattle. The population was 54,144 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 45,256 in 2000.[4]

Redmond is best known as the home of Microsoft (for which Redmond has become a metonym) and Nintendo of America.

With an annual bike race on city streets and the state’s only velodrome, Redmond is also known as “the bicycle capital of the Northwest”.[5][6]However, its main form of transportation is the automobile (2000 Census). The city is predominantly suburban in character.

Redmond has a historic downtown with many individually owned businesses, adjacent to the modern downtown Redmond.[citation needed]

Due to its large population of highly paid technology workers, especially those of Microsoft, Redmond is an affluent community. Based on per capita income, Redmond ranks 20th of the 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked.

History

Native Americans had settled in the Redmond area 400 years ago,[citation needed] and the first European settlers arrived in the 1870s. Luke McRedmond filed a Homestead Act claim for land next to the Sammamish Slough on September 9, 1870, and the following year Warren Perrigo took up land adjacent to him. The rivers and streams had so many salmon that the settlement was initially named Salmonberg. More settlers came, and with the establishment of the first post office in 1881, the name of the community was changed to Melrose. The new name was taken from the Perrigos’ successful inn, Melrose House, which upset McRedmond. After becoming postmaster, he successfully petitioned to have the name changed to Redmond in 1883.[7]

The abundant forests and fish of Redmond provided jobs for loggers and fishermen and with those jobs came demand for goods and services, bringing in merchants. The logging industry expanded significantly in 1889 when Seattle Lake Shore & Eastern Railway built a station in the center of town. The first plat for Redmond was filed on May 11, 1891, encompassing much of the area now known as downtown. After reaching the necessary population of 300, Redmond was incorporated on December 31, 1912.[7]

Redmond faced an economic downturn in the 1920s. Prohibition forced saloons to close, cutting off a large portion of the city’s tax base. The forests were dwindling after heavy logging, causing lumber mills to shut down. Fortunately, the deforested land was suitable for farming. Agriculture became Redmond’s primary business, keeping residents fed during the Great Depression. When the U.S. entered World War IIshipyard jobs and other wartime work came to Redmond.[citation needed]

After the war, Redmond’s growth began in earnest. The city grew over thirty times larger in area through annexations between 1951 and 1967. The completion of the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge across Lake Washington in 1963 allowed Redmond to flourish as a suburb of Seattle. In 1978, the U.S. Census Bureau proclaimed Redmond the fastest growing city in the state. Many technology companies made the city their home, and the increasing population demanded more retail shops. Redmond underwent a commercial boom during the 1990s, culminating in 1997 with the opening of Redmond Town Center, a major regional shopping center on the site of a long-defunct golf course.[8] In recent years the city has been experiencing growing pains as a result of its strong growth, mostly in the areas of urban sprawl and traffic congestion. During rush hour it can take upwards of 2 hours to travel from the beginning of SR-520 at Avondale Road to Downtown Seattle, a mere 18 miles (29 km) away. These problems are being mitigated by the expansion of SR-520 and the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, as well as the planned light rail service via East Link from Seattle to Redmond during the second phase of Sound Transit.

Economy

A number of companies in the high-tech industry are based in Redmond. The largest employer in the city by far is Microsoft Corporation, which moved its headquarters to Redmond in 1986. Currently Microsoft has over 40,000[20] full-time workers and more than 8 million square feet (750,000 square meters) of office space in the Seattle area Eastside region, primarily in Redmond, with additional offices in Bellevue and Issaquah (90,000 employees world-wide). Further signs of growth include:

  • In January 2006, Microsoft announced the purchase of Safeco’s Redmond campus.[21] (Formerly one of Redmond’s major employers, Safeco began consolidating its offices in Seattle’s University District in 2005.)
  • In February 2006, Microsoft announced that it intends to expand its Microsoft Redmond campus by another 1,100,000 square feet (100,000 m2) at a cost of $1 billion and has said that this will create space for between 7,000 and 15,000 new employees over the next three years.[22]

This is very optimistic news for Redmond and the Eastside, which will gain many new residents as a direct result. This also shows that while the general technology industry slows, Redmond’s economy, alongside that of Puget Sound, continues to expand rapidly.[citation needed]

Microsoft‘s headquarters

Other companies with headquarters in Redmond include Nintendo of AmericaConcur TechnologiesVisible.netWild TangentSolstice and Data I/O. An Online Trading Academy office and center is also located in Redmond.[23]

Unlike Bellevue and other neighboring cities, the City of Redmond does not have a Business & Occupation tax on income.[24] However, to help offset the costs of road improvements for businesses, a business license fee of $55 per employee was approved in 1996. As of 2007, the fee is $85 per employee.

 

Parks and recreation

According to the city’s website, Redmond has 23 developed public parks, totaling over a thousand acres (4 km²). Many of these are neighborhood parks with picnic tables and sports fields or courts. The largest park within the city is not owned by the city—it is King County’s 560 acres (2.3 km2Marymoor Park, one of the most popular in King County. It features a climbing rock, a model airplane flying field, a 48 acre off-leash dog park, an outdoor theater, various sports fields such as baseball and soccer, a playground, tennis courts, a community garden, and a velodrome.

The city also offers over 17 miles (27 km) of developed trails for hiking, bicycling, and horseback riding. The Sammamish River Trailconnects to the Puget Power trail (Redmond), the Burke-Gilman Trail (in Bothell), and the East Lake Sammamish Trail.

60 Acres Park is famous for its soccer in the spring through fall and RC electric airplanes and gliders in the winter time.

In 2004, Redmond North Little League won the Northwest region and participated in the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, PA. With Redmond North claiming the Northwest, it is the third team from Washington to claim the Northwest since its inception in 2001. Previous Washington champions were Bainbridge Island (2001), Richland (2003).

source: Wikipedia 

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