Seattle Public Schools

Seattle Public Schools is the largest public school district in the state of Washington. The school district serves the entire city of Seattle[4] Like most intercity school systems, the district has had to face its own share of controversy dealing with problems concerning racial tension, student population assignments, and administrative scandal; such incidences include a student boycott in 1966 and using “racial tie-breakers” which led to a2007 supreme court case. As of 2012, 91 schools are operated by the district, which serve at least 47,000 students throughout the city.

 

Governance

The Board of Directors for Seattle Public Schools is an elected body representing seven geographical regions, known as Districts, within the City of Seattle. The length of the term is four years. Board meetings are generally held twice monthly. For the 2008-09 school year, board meetings are scheduled the second and fourth Wednesday of the month; all others are on the first and third Wednesdays of each month, at 6:00 p.m., with some exceptions.[6] Its headquarters are in the John Stanford Center for Educational Excellence.[7]

History

Six Seattle public elementary schools in 1900.

In 1919 there were 64 grammar schools, six high schools, two parental schools (comparable to today’s youth detention centers), a school for the deaf, and nine “special schools… for pupils who do not progress normally in regular classes.”[15][16]

In the early 20th century, Seattle Public Schools were “exemplary”[17] under the leadership (1901–1922) of superintendent Frank B. Cooper and a series of “civic-minded progressives” who served on the Seattle school board.[17]

Former schools

Early Seattle public schools

When the University of Washington was founded as the Territorial University in 1861, its initial class offerings were not at a level that would now be considered those of a college or university. Its first class offering was a primary school (elementary school) taught by Asa Mercer, and for some years it was jointly supervised by the newly formed Seattle School Board its own Board of Regents. It functioned as Seattle’s first public school.[18]

In 1867, the public school moved to what was then the County Building on Third Avenue between James and Jefferson, the site of today’s Prefontaine Fountain. A year later, the school moved to Yesler‘s Pavilion (later Yesler’s Hall) at present-day First and Cherry. A year later the school moved again to a temporary building (called Bacon’s Hall after its first teacher, Carrie Bacon) located at the site of the present King County Court House. In 1870 the first “permanent” school building, the Central School, opened on Third Avenue between Madison and Spring Streets. It originally had two classrooms; a third was built in its attic in 1881.[19]

Meanwhile, in 1873 the two-room North School opened at Third and Pine,[20] and in 1875 the school district had purchased 1.4 acres (5,700 m2) at 6th and Madison, where the Sixth Street School, also known as Eastern School, opened promptly in a temporary building and grew into successively larger and better-built buildings in 1877 and 1883. The latter, an “elegant wooden building” with an imposing “French mansard roof, clock tower, and tall central belfry” superseded the old Central School as well as the North School. From 1884, it was known as the Central School. Classes extended through 12th grade, and the first class graduated from 12th grade in 1886. However the school burned in 1888.[21]

The district had, in this period, started a number of other schools, including the even more imposing Denny School on Battery Street between 5th and 6th Avenues in Belltown, opened 1884. Described as “an architectural jewel… the finest schoolhouse on the West Coast,” it was demolished in 1928 as part of the Denny Regrade project.[22] When the Central School burned in 1888, its high school and first grade classes were parcelled out to the Denny School,[21] other classes to the former downtown building of the university,[18] with other classes going to temporary facilities, some of which also burned, in the Great Seattle Fire.[21]

A new brick Central School opened in 1889 at Seventh and Madison, and was repeatedly expanded with annexes and extensions. After a separate high school opened in 1902, the Central School was briefly known in 1903 as the Washington School before returning to its older name. The Central School functioned as an elementary school until 1938, and then until 1949 as the Central Branch of the Edison Technical School. The building was fatally damaged by the 1949 earthquake and razed in 1953; its site is now under Interstate 5.[21]

Historic Architecture

Several former Seattle Public Schools buildings are on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP):

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